77 Review Questions for Language & Intelligence

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Multiple Choice Questions

1Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on the study of ________.

  1. human development
  2. human thinking
  3. human behaviour
  4. human society

2Which of the following is an example of a prototype for the concept of leadership on an athletic team?

  1. the equipment manager
  2. the scorekeeper
  3. the team captain
  4. the quietest member of the team

3Which of the following is an example of an artificial concept?

  1. mammals
  2. a triangle’s area
  3. gemstones
  4. teachers

4An event schema is also known as a cognitive ________.

  1. stereotype
  2. concept
  3. script
  4. prototype

5________ provides general principles for organizing words into meaningful sentences.

  1. Linguistic determinism
  2. Lexicon
  3. Semantics
  4. Syntax

6________ are the smallest unit of language that carry meaning.

  1. Lexicon
  2. Phonemes
  3. Morphemes
  4. Syntax

7The meaning of words and phrases is determined by applying the rules of ________.

  1. lexicon
  2. phonemes
  3. overgeneralization
  4. semantics

8________ is (are) the basic sound units of a spoken language.

  1. Syntax
  2. Phonemes
  3. Morphemes
  4. Grammar

9A specific formula for solving a problem is called ________.

  1. an algorithm
  2. a heuristic
  3. a mental set
  4. trial and error

10A mental shortcut in the form of a general problem-solving framework is called ________.

  1. an algorithm
  2. a heuristic
  3. a mental set
  4. trial and error

11Which type of bias involves becoming fixated on a single trait of a problem?

  1. anchoring bias
  2. confirmation bias
  3. representative bias
  4. availability bias

12Which type of bias involves relying on a false stereotype to make a decision?

  1. anchoring bias
  2. confirmation bias
  3. representative bias
  4. availability bias

13Fluid intelligence is characterized by ________.

  1. being able to recall information
  2. being able to create new products
  3. being able to understand and communicate with different cultures
  4. being able to see complex relationships and solve problems

14Which of the following is not one of Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences?

  1. creative
  2. spatial
  3. linguistic
  4. musical

15Which theorist put forth the triarchic theory of intelligence?

  1. Goleman
  2. Gardner
  3. Sternberg
  4. Steitz

16When you are examining data to look for trends, which type of intelligence are you using most?

  1. practical
  2. analytical
  3. emotional
  4. creative

17In order for a test to be normed and standardized it must be tested on ________.

  1. a group of same-age peers
  2. a representative sample
  3. children with mental disabilities
  4. children of average intelligence

18The mean score for a person with an average IQ is ________.

  1. 70
  2. 130
  3. 85
  4. 100

19Who developed the IQ test most widely used today?

  1. Sir Francis Galton
  2. Alfred Binet
  3. Louis Terman
  4. David Wechsler

20Where does high intelligence come from?

  1. genetics
  2. environment
  3. both A and B
  4. neither A nor B

21Arthur Jensen believed that ________.

  1. genetics was solely responsible for intelligence
  2. environment was solely responsible for intelligence
  3. intelligence level was determined by race
  4. IQ tests do not take socioeconomic status into account

22What is a learning disability?

  1. a developmental disorder
  2. a neurological disorder
  3. an emotional disorder
  4. an intellectual disorder

23Which of the following statements is true?

  1. Poverty always affects whether individuals are able to reach their full intellectual potential.
  2. An individual’s intelligence is determined solely by the intelligence levels of their siblings.
  3. The environment in which an individual is raised is the strongest predictor of their future intelligence
  4. There are many factors working together to influence an individual’s intelligence level.

Critical Thinking Questions

24Describe an event schema that you would notice at a sporting event.

25Explain why event schemata have so much power over human behaviour.

26How do words not only represent our thoughts but also represent our values?

27How could grammatical errors actually be indicative of language acquisition in children?

28What is functional fixedness and how can overcoming it help you solve problems?

29How does an algorithm save you time and energy when solving a problem?

30. Describe a situation in which you would need to use practical intelligence.

31. Describe a situation in which cultural intelligence would help you communicate better.

32Why do you think different theorists have defined intelligence in different ways?

33Compare and contrast the benefits of the Stanford-Binet IQ test and Wechsler’s IQ tests.

34What evidence exists for a genetic component to an individual’s IQ?

35Describe the relationship between learning disabilities and intellectual disabilities to intelligence. 


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Introduction to Psychology & Neuroscience (2nd Edition) Copyright © 2020 by Edited by Leanne Stevens & Jennifer Stamp is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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