- Create and format in-text citations in APA Style.
You can include in-text citations in your academic paper or business report as a parenthetical citation or as a narrative citation or in a combination of these forms. The following example shows how these two types of in-text citations have been included in a paper. Click on the symbol to learn about them.
The image below provides an overview of these two types.
As you can see, an in-text citation is formatted using three key pieces:
- author’s family name or group name, and
In-text citation, information is pulled directly from its matching reference list citation. You may find that it is easiest to create the reference citation first and then its matching in-text citation.
So far we have focused on paraphrasing examples. Next, we will look at examples for in-text citations of quotations.
When you use a direct quotation instead of a paraphrase, you also need to include the quotation’s location in the work. Location information is added to your in-text citation directly after the date. For example, a parenthetical citation would look like the following: (Smith, 2010, pp. 3-4).
Short Direct Quote In-Text Citation Examples
Block Direct Quote In-Text Citation Examples
The image below details some location information examples and their appropriate abbreviation.
Now that we have covered the basics of in-text citations, continue to the next section to complete a few in-text citation practice activities.