Chapter 5: Citation Styles (APA, MLA, & Chicago)

You will need to use a particular citation style and apply it consistently throughout your assignments. Sometimes, your instructor will tell you which style to use, while other times you will get to choose. If you are unsure which style you should use for an assignment, ask your instructor.

image APA STYLE is typically used in the sciences and social sciences (e.g., psychology, sociology, nursing).
image MLA STYLE is used in many of the humanities (e.g., English, drama).
CHICAGO STYLE is usually the preferred style for history, music, and folklore.


Each style has its own rules about how to cite specific sources and format assignments. See section 5.3 of this handbook for links to online resources on each citation style.


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Academic Integrity Handbook Copyright © 2020 by Donnie Calabrese; Emma Russell; Jasmine Hoover; and Tammy Byrne is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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