4.8 Chapter 4 Recap

Key Takeaways

  • A core principle of academic life is to fully acknowledge the work of others when it has guided and informed your own, so you must properly credit all the sources from which you draw information.
  • A citation is a reference to a source of information you’ve used in your assignment that gives key information about the source so the reader can evaluate its credibility and locate it.
  • You must cite anything that is not your own intellectual work, whether you are copying someone else’s words directly (quoting), duplicating or adapting a table or figure, or putting information you’ve learned from a source into your own words (summarizing or paraphrasing).
  • You don’t need to cite your own thoughts, ideas, data, or creations or common knowledge.
  • You must cite information learned from sources in TWO places: in the body of your assignment (in in-text citations) and in a list of sources at the end of your assignment (in bibliographic citations).
  • One kind of academic integrity breach — plagiarism — can be due to a lack of understanding about how to properly use and cite sources.
  • Avoid plagiarism by
    • citing material as soon as it is used in your assignment
    • enclosing copied words in quotation marks 
    • including both in-text citations and a list of sources


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Academic Integrity Handbook Copyright © 2020 by Donnie Calabrese; Emma Russell; Jasmine Hoover; and Tammy Byrne is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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