4.6 Where To Cite: Two Places

You must cite information learned from sources in TWO places:

    1. In the body of your assignment each time you
    • quote
    • paraphrase
    • summarize
    • use or refer to specific audiovisual representations (data, images, tables, figures, video clips, podcasts, performances, etc.)

These citations are placed at the sentence level and tell the reader how you know the information in the sentence (e.g., you read it in X or you heard it from Y).

These are called in-text citations.


2.  In a list of sources at the end of your assignment, called

    • References (APA Style)
    • Works Cited (MLA Style)
    • Bibliography (Chicago Style)
These are called bibliographic citations.

These two citations work together: the brief in-text citation allows you to identify exactly which material in the body of the assignment comes from which source. It is short, so it does not clutter up the body of your assignment, but it leads your reader easily to the complete bibliographic citation in the end list of sources for more detailed information about the source.

See Chapter 5 of this handbook for more details on in-text and bibliographic citations.


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Academic Integrity Handbook Copyright © 2020 by Donnie Calabrese; Emma Russell; Jasmine Hoover; and Tammy Byrne is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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